Whats the difference between a legal paternity test and a home paternity test?
Our legal DNA tests for paternity and family relationships determine if two or more people are biologically related with 100% accuracy based on their person genetic profiles.
All legal paternity tests, and legal family relationship tests, are performed for use by any government agency, or in a court case, for Social Security benefits, as well as USA Customs and Immigration. A legal DNA test requires a specialized collection process, including a chain of custody for the DNA samples, and testing in an AABB accredited laboratory.
A home DNA test will have the same results, however they are not considered court admissible as the DNA samples are collected in private and there is no verification of the identify of those testing by an objective third party.
Legally admissible and defensible DNA testing
We make certain all legal DNA results are admissible and defensible in any court of law. We follow a very strict chain of custody to protect your rights and insure that testing results are court admissible. Our testing is 100% accurate, based on the samples received.
Our legal DNA tests compare 24 specific genetic relationship markers, which makes it almost 1,000 times more powerful in the results due to the increased number of genetic markers examined.
Do I need a legal DNA test?
Listed below are some common legal reasons that our legal DNA test may used for:
Child Support – initiated either by the mother or father
Birth Certificate – name verification or change
Court Order – to be in compliance with a judge’s order
Child Custody – initiated either by the mother or father or legal guardian
Tax Forms – the IRS may request DNA verification for proof of dependency
Adoption – legal verification of the biological parent(s)
Contested wills/estate issues/probate – identification of rightful biological heirs
Other legal reasons
Who can request a legal paternity test?
While some people can be legally required to take a court admissible paternity test, the person requesting the test must either be the child or suspected parent, or be able to show a suspected relationship between those who are being tested. The specific rules and regulations vary by state. If there are questions, a Journey Genetic Consultant can assist. We cannot however provide specific legal advice on your case.
Only certain specified persons have legal standing to request a court-ordered paternity test. These include:
-Legally recognized mother or father
-A person alleging that they are the biological parent of the child or expected child
-The child, if they have reached the age of majority, or a minor child’s representative
-Legal guardian or custodian
-An attorney or judge
-Government social services worker
How much does a legal paternity test cost?
|Number of People Testing||Cost|
|One suspected father/one child||$179|
|One suspected father/one mother/one child||$179|
|Each additional suspected father or child||$100|
|DNA collection fee per person (no cost if you choose your own physician or laboratory)||$45|
Legal paternity and family relationship DNA collections
Beginning in early 2018 AABB requirements for legal DNA collections require that the legal DNA kit not be in the possession of any party testing at any time. The new requirements also state that the person doing the collection must meet one of the following criteria: have performed DNA collections for at least one year; have received web-based training from the AABB for relationship collections; have been trained either in person or with web based training from a DNA testing laboratory. Licensed physician’s or clinic laboratories and hospitals are also acceptable DNA collectors for legally admissible results.
Two options for your legal DNA collection
Journey Genetics will send a legal DNA kit to your licensed doctor or laboratory of your choice.
A legal paternity DNA test is not difficult to perform. A DNA Legal Collection Kit allows the option of having each person whose DNA needs to be collected schedule a time that is easiest for them. It is not necessary for each person to test at the same time, and people in different locations can have a legal DNA test done, as long as all instructions are followed. We know that work schedules and life activities do not stop because a legal paternity test is needed. The entire process is described below.
-The sample collection process must be received and witnessed by an unrelated and disinterested witness (such as your physician or a third party DNA collector who is not related to you and who does not have an interest in the outcome of the testing).
-The person performing the DNA sample collection must verify the identity of those whom are testing by confirming legal identification (e.g. driver’s license, birth certificate, passport, etc.);
-The DNA collector must obtain a copy of a recent picture, or take a photograph, of all people they are collecting a DNA sample from;
-The collector must sign the completed chain-of-custody witness document provided in the kit as a witness to the collection;
-The DNA collector must seal the DNA specimens in the container provided in the kit, sign the security seal, and mail the samples directly to the laboratory for testing.
Journey Genetics will provide a legal collection kit to the closest collection center based on the zip code(s) of those being tested.
We will provide you the name and location of the collection center, as well as the time of your appointment when the legal dna test kit is mailed out. We cannot guarantee a collection center in every city, but we do work with a collection network of over 3,500 certified DNA collectors within the USA. There is a collection fee of $45 per person to cover the cost of scheduling, providing the legal documents, and the DNA collector’s time. This is paid at the time of your order.